Andrew Silverman is an appellate lawyer focusing on high-stakes and precedent-setting appeals in the U.S. Supreme Court and the federal and state courts of appeals. A distinguishing feature of Andrew’s practice is that clients routinely call on him for appellate work long before the case ever gets to appeal. Andrew works with clients and trial teams on significant motions to prevent any need for appeal by winning the case first and to ready the case for appeal by perfecting critical appellate issues and teeing them up in the most favorable posture. Andrew has brought these special skills to bear for some of the world’s largest companies in their most important cases, including for Oracle (against Google and the U.S. Department of Labor), PricewaterhouseCoopers (against MF Global), Dow AgroSciences (against Bayer CropSciences), Synopsys (against Mentor Graphics and Ubiquiti Networks), and the Municipal Energy Authority of Georgia (against the Jacksonville Energy Authority).
Drawing on his years of experience as a trial attorney in the Civil Division of the U.S. Department of Justice, Andrew collaborates with the trial court team to serve as the point person for legal issues and strategy. In cases where the stakes are so high that an appeal is practically inevitable, Andrew is frequently brought in from the outset to work on motions to dismiss, preliminary-injunction briefing, and, later, summary-judgment motions. If the case proceeds toward trial, Andrew leads strategizing and briefing on jury instructions, motions in limine, Daubert motions, other pre-trial briefing, mid-trial objections and motions practice, motions for judgment as a matter of law, and motions for a new trial.
Andrew also has a strong record on appeals, including in major appeals for Oracle (against Google), Synopsys (against Mentor Graphics), KBC Bank (against Lazare Kaplan), Dow, Dow AgroSciences, and Union Carbide (against Bayer CropSciences and individual plaintiffs), the Municipal Energy Authority of Georgia (against the Jacksonville Energy Authority), a former executive of IBM (against IBM), Boiron (as part of a class action settlement), and a Thai Professor, Supap Kirtsaeng (against John Wiley & Sons, Inc.). In appellate cases, Andrew takes pride in collaborating with his client and the trial team to rethink the case from the bottom to the top, searching for new and different ways to present even the most complicated arguments as plain common sense, and drafting a storytelling version of the case that hooks the reader from the beginning. Andrew, like the rest of the Orrick team, emphasizes oral argument, working tirelessly to develop themes specifically for oral argument that magnify --- rather than merely parrot --- the arguments in the briefing. Andrew has worked on appeals at all levels, across areas of law, and for plaintiffs as well as defendants.
Andrew clerked for then-Chief Judge Dennis Jacobs of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. Andrew was named a “Rising Star” by Super Lawyers in 2014, 2015 and 2016.
Trial Court Engagements
Oracle America, Inc. v. Google – N.D. Cal., Federal Circuit, & Supreme Court – In what has been dubbed “The World Series Of Copyright Suits,” Andrew led the briefing team for the retrial of Oracle’s long-running, bet-the-company lawsuit alleging that the Google’s Android operating system infringes Oracle’s copyrights in the world-renowned Java computing platform. Specifically, Andrew ran point on all pre-trial, mid-trial, and post-trial briefing, including jury instructions, motions in limine, Daubert motions, trial objections, motions for judgment as a matter of law, and a motion for a new trial. Andrew was also one of the primary attorneys on the appellate team that, first, secured a decision from the Court of Appeals that Oracle's software is copyright protected, and, second, obtained a decision holding that Google's copying was infringement as a matter of law. Notably, both decisions reversed earlier district court judgments; the copyright ruling reversing the district court's finding that Oracle's source code is not copyrightable and the infringement ruling overturning a jury verdict for Google on "fair use." The case is now pending in the U.S. Supreme Court, with oral argument having just been conducted in October 2020, and a decision expected by June 2021.
MF Global v. PricewaterhouseCoopers – S.D.N.Y. – In litigation stemming from the high-profile collapse of MF Global, Andrew was brought onto the case to assist a trial team from another firm in representing PwC against a $3B accounting malpractice suit by the bankruptcy estate of MF Global. In the lead up to trial, Andrew worked on jury instructions, motions in limine, Daubert motions, and other pre-trial motions. During trial, Andrew assisted on mid-trial objections, a motion for a mistrial, and a motion for judgment as a matter of law. Owing in part to the legal victories throughout trial, three weeks into a five-week trial, the case settled to the mutual satisfaction of the parties.
Jacksonville Energy Authority and the City of Jacksonville, Fla. v. Municipal Energy Authority of Georgia – N.D. Ga., M.D. Fla., & Eleventh Circuit – Andrew represented MEAG in dueling suits filed by MEAG and by JEA and the City of Jacksonville regarding construction of the first nuclear power plant in decades. JEA challenged the centerpiece of MEAG's financing of its share of the construction, roughly $6.8 billion in revenue bonds, loans, and Department of Energy guaranteed debt for MEAG's share. A significant portion of that amount is secured by a power purchase agreement (PPA) between MEAG and JEA. JEA sued to invalidate the PPA, and MEAG sued for a declaration that the PPA is binding on JEA, valid, and enforceable. On a pre-discovery motion for judgment as a matter of law, the district court sided completely with MEAG, holding that the PPA is binding, valid, and enforceable and that JEA must continue to make its payments financing the construction. The outcome sets critical precedent for public power institutions as they seek to enforce "hell or high water" contracts through validation proceedings, both of which are frequently used and absolutely critical for large public works projects.
Bayer CropScience v. Dow AgroSciences – D. Del. & Federal Circuit – Andrew was part of a trial court team that obtained a complete victory at summary judgment for Dow AgroSciences after Bayer brought a patent-infringement suit in an attempt to prevent Dow from releasing what it expects will be its flagship product: a soybean that is tolerant to three different herbicides. In addition to obtaining summary judgment, Andrew led the briefing in successfully defeating Bayer's motion for a preliminary injunction and in obtaining $6M in attorneys’ fees for Dow, one of the largest (if not the largest) attorneys’ fees awards since the Supreme Court articulated the standard for awarding fees in patent cases. Andrew was also part of the appellate team that obtained both affirmance of the merits win as well as a published opinion affirming the fee award.
Synopsys, Inc. v. Ubiquiti & Ubiquiti Networks Int'l Limited – N.D. Cal. – Andrew led the trial court briefing for Plaintiff Synopsys, who brought suit against the defendants for violations of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, the Anti-Counterfeiting Act, the Racketeer Influenced & Corrupt Organizations Act ("RICO"). Synopsys licenses software to companies to aid them in designing and testing microchip designs. Synopsys alleged that the defendants circumvented Synopsys' security measures to unlawfully access and use Synopsys' software. Andrew led the briefing on sanctions for spoliation of evidence, summary judgment, Daubert motions, jury instructions, and motions in limine. All of Synopsys' principal claims survived summary judgment, and the case settled shortly thereafter to the mutual satisfaction of the parties.
Oracle v. U.S. Dep’t of Labor – D.D.C. – Andrew led a team that brought a cutting-edge lawsuit against the Department of Labor that alleged that the Department’s administrative tribunals for prosecuting, adjudicating, and remediating claims of classwide employment discrimination against government contractors are unconstitutional because they are not authorized by Congress, exceed the President’s authorization, violate the nondelegation doctrine, and are contrary to statute. The case has attracted nationwide attention with labor unions, civil rights groups, nearly 20 states, the Chamber of Commerce, and former government officials filing briefs. The parties’ dueling motions for summary judgment are fully briefed.
Brockmeier v. Union Carbide – Orleans Parish, Louisiana – Andrew was part of a trial team that obtained an emergency writ for a mistrial in the Louisiana Court of Appeal after plaintiff's opening statement to the jury impermissibly referred to settlements by other parties. In this wrongful death suit arising out of the plaintiff's contraction of mesothelioma, Andrew represented Union Carbide, who provided asbestos to Georgia-Pacific as a raw material in some Georgia-Pacific products, which were allegedly used by the plaintiff. Union Carbide was sued for negligence and products liability. Andrew worked on jury instructions and pre- and mid-trial motions practice as well as the emergency writ.
Amarin v. International Trade Commission – ITC, Federal Circuit, Supreme Court - Andrew led the briefing team that successfully persuaded the ITC not to institute an investigation into whether Omega-3 fish oil vitamins were improperly marketed as "dietary supplements," rather than "new drugs," under the Food, Drug, and Cosmetics Act and thus amounted to false labeling under the Lanham Act and unfair competition under the Tariff Act. In briefing before proceedings in the ITC even began, Andrew and his team, representing DSM Nutritional Products and Pharmavite, persuaded the ITC that Amarin's claim is not cognizable under the Tariff Act but rather is an impermissible claim under the FDCA, which is exclusively enforced by the Food and Drug Administration. Andrew then spearheaded the briefing in the Federal Circuit Court of Appeals, which affirmed the ITC's decision not to institute proceedings, and in the Supreme Court, which denied Amarin's petition for certiorari.
Washington Alliance of Technology Workers v. Dep’t of Homeland Security – D.D.C. – Andrew led a team that filed an amicus brief on behalf of Corporate America in defense of an immigration program that allows international students who have graduated from U.S. Universities to remain in the country for several years after graduation to continue their practical training by working in STEM roles. Our amicus brief --- spearheaded by FWD.us and signed by companies such as Apple, Dow, Facebook, Microsoft, Oracle, Twitter and many other big and small companies and industry groups --- explained the program's importance to the business community. The district court recently sided with Andrew’s amicus brief, upholding this vital immigration program.
Supreme Court & Appellate Engagements
Lazare Kaplan Int'l v. KBC Bank - Second Circuit - Andrew helped finally bring an end to long-running litigation against his client KBC Bank and the global diamond company Lazare Kaplan. Lazare alleged that KBC Bank was part of an international conspiracy to steal hundreds of millions of dollars of diamonds, and cash proceeds from diamond sales, and sought damages of $1.5 billion. Andrew persuaded the Second Circuit to affirm dismissal of Lazare’s claims on the grounds that the claims arose under the credit and banking relationship between Lazare and Bank and thus must be litigated in Belgium under a binding forum-selection clause.
IBM v. Lima – Second Circuit – Andrew led the briefing to overturn a preliminary injunction that precludes Mr. Rodrigo Lima, a former high-level executive at IBM, from beginning a new position at Microsoft as its Corporate Vice President of Latin America. While employed by IBM, Lima signed a noncompetition agreement that precludes him from working for a year for any IBM competitor in any position that “could result in” him disclosing, using, or relying on IBM information. Lima challenged the noncompete as overbroad and unenforceable and further challenged the preliminary injunction as premised on a misapplication of the so-called “inevitable disclosure” doctrine. Andrew argued the matter in the Second Circuit in December 2020, with a decision expected soon.
Gallucci v. Boiron – Ninth Circuit – Andrew argued the matter to the Ninth Circuit, persuading the court to summarily affirm the district court’s certification of a class for settlement purposes and approval of the settlement. Andrew represented Boiron, the manufacturer of homeopathic drugs to treat illnesses such as the cold and the flu. The wide-ranging settlement involved 800 Boiron products.
John Wiley & Sons v. Kirtsaeng – Supreme Court & Second Circuit – After prevailing in the Supreme Court’s landmark decision in Kirtsaeng v. Wiley, holding that the “first sale” doctrine protects the resale and importation of copyrighted works sold abroad, Kirtsaeng requested his attorneys’ fees for his successful pursuit of his meritorious defense. Andrew briefed the fee petition in the district court and then briefed and argued the appeal in the Second Circuit before successfully petitioning the Supreme Court for certiorari. The Supreme Court ruled for Kirtsaeng again, this time unanimously, vacating the Second Circuit’s decision and remanding for the district court to assess Kirtsaeng’s fee petition under the appropriate standard.
Los Angeles County v. Mendez – Supreme Court – Andrew represented two police deputies appealing an adverse judgment holding them personally liable for more than $4M in damages. The Supreme Court unanimously ruled in favor of the officers, overturning the Ninth Circuit's controversial “provocation rule,” which held a police officer liable for the use of reasonable force if the officer committed some earlier act in the encounter that led to use of force.
Synopsys Inc. v. Mentor Graphics & U.S.P.T.O. and Mentor Graphics v. E.V.E.-USA, Inc. – Supreme Court & Federal Circuit – Andrew represented Synopsys in a series of appeals involving expansive litigation with Mentor Graphics regarding emulation technology. The initial appeals in the litigation resulted in precedent-setting decisions that clarified the scope of inter partes reviews and available appellate and administrative options to challenge decisions by the Patent Trial and Appeal Board. Those appeals set the stage for Synopsys' appeal of a nearly $40M jury verdict for patent infringement. That appeal raised such big-ticket questions as the apportionment of damages for lost profits, the continuing vitality of the assignor-estoppel doctrine, the definiteness of terms of degree, and the appropriate legal standard for res judicata in patent cases. Synopsys later petitioned for certiorari on the issues of assignor estoppel and apportionment of damages. After the Supreme Court invited the Solicitor General to weigh in on those issues, the parties reached a global settlement to their mutual settlement.
Hollingsworth v. Perry – Supreme Court – Andrew represented over 100 amici, including some of the world’s largest companies — including Cisco, Facebook, Hewlett-Packard, Intel, Levi Strauss, NIKE, Office Depot, Oracle, Panasonic, and others — in urging the Supreme Court to hold the right to marry for same-sex couples is a fundamental right and that laws prohibiting same-sex marriage violate the Equal Protection Clause.
McCleary v. Washington – Washington Supreme Court – Andrew represented all living former governors of the State of Washington in an amicus brief urging the Washington Supreme Court to not hold the State Legislature in contempt and to instead allow the political process to run its course. The Washington Supreme Court adopted nearly verbatim the position of the former governors outlined in Andrew’s amicus brief.